Ayurveda, dating back 5000-10000 years is the oldest and most holistic medical system available on the planet today. The word Ayurveda comes from the Sanskrit, "Ayur" and "veda" which means the Science of life.
Ayurveda is a science of life that calls on every individual to live in perfect harmony with his natural environment. It is a holistic system that states that health of an individual is based on a perfect balance of three doshas, called the Tridoshas i.e. Vatta, Pita and Kapha. These three doshas form the constitution of an individual. When any one of these doshas exhibit an imbalance in an individual due to an unhealthy lifestyle, diet, or too much mental or physical strain, disease sets in. Disease in short is caused by imbalance in the body constitution of an individual. Ayurveda system of treatment rectifies these imbalances and helps an individual maintain and bring back a perfect balance of his body, mind and soul, thus assuring an individual a life free from every form of disease. A perfect harmony and balance of the body constitution, in short, guarantees perfect health. Ayurveda promotes such a healthy life style.
Many natural healing systems like Homeopathy, Chinese medicine, Unani medicine, Polarity medicine and the humoral medicine practiced by Hippocrates in Greece have their roots in Ayurveda. For this reason, Ayurveda is often referred to as the "Mother of all healing."
Primarily the type of medication used: whether oil, powder, paste etc and The Pattern and pressure of the strokes. For e.g. in a rejuvenating massage, the oils selected shall be with properties of tissue nourishing, toning up the muscles, stimulating the nerve endings and the pattern of strokes will be in the direction of hair follicles and from the origin of muscles to the insertion. Where as in a therapeutic powder massage, the purpose is to cleanse and burn out the excess adipose fat and hence the storks will be in the opposite direction of hair follicles. Having identified the body constitution (Prakruti) and type of ailment (Vikruti), a suitable type of massage can be carried out from the following.